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ChatGPT - How this novel Digital Genie could make many of us redundant?

"Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic." - Aurthur C. Clarke


You must be heard about the new artificial intelligence (AI) chatbot in town aka ‘‘ChatGPT” that has taken the internet by storm. It is publicly available on 30 November 2022 and designed to help people communicate with computers more naturally and intuitively. People have been using it to compose music, understand complex topics, develop an idea, build text-based games, make jokes, write movie scripts and complex essays, draft marketing pitches, write interior decorating schemes and even debug computer codes. Such is the bot’s popularity; it took only five days to score its first 1 million users.

CHATGPT - Digital Genie
CHATGPT - Digital Genie

It is created by OpenAI, a San Francisco-based artificial intelligence research company founded in 2015. It is a language learning model (LLM) that works with supervised and reinforced machine learning methods, both of which are a subset of natural language processing (NLP) technology. ChatGPT is unique among chatbots in that it uses a broad and intricate learning methodology. It may provide human-like responses by comprehending the context and meaning of your messages.


ChatGPT is based on the core GPT 3.5 and Instruct GPT AI models with an extra security layer from OpenAI's actual GPT-3 (Generative Pre-trained Transformer 3). It is already showing potential as a multi-utility AI tool, and you can also use the tool to chat about any topic of your interest. It's open to anyone, for free, so just sign up for an account. It’s easy to sign up for ChatGPT — all you need is an email address. Once you’ve registered, the webpage is very simple to navigate. There’s an area where your results will populate and a text box where you’ll type your inquiries.



Source - Image from CHATGPT Main Text Screen
Source - Image from CHATGPT Main Text Screen

In layman's terms, ChatGPT is a lot more human than previous search engines, even if it has access to a supercomputer's level plethora of information. For example, when a user googled "what is the maximum amount of vitamin D per day?", who just obtained a link to a website on health. But when asked this AI chatbot the same question, it responded with a thorough response based on the user's context.


It’s a code red for Google which has been bragging about its AI expertise for years, and some employees are wondering if they missed an opportunity. Technology Analysts are also wondering if AI chatbots could someday threaten Google’s dominance.


Due to ChatGPT's exceptional abilities, it can completely reshape the economy by replacing people in a variety of occupations, including website development, architecture, and journalism, in addition to making search engines and countless other jobs obsolete. The capabilities of ChatGPT have raised concerns that Google's online search monopoly may not last for very long.


“Google may be only a year or two away from total disruption, AI will eliminate the search engine result page, which is where they make most of their money. Even if they catch up on AI, they can’t fully deploy it without destroying the most valuable part of their business!” - Paul Buchheit (Gmail developer) noted that AI will do to web search what Google did to the Yellow Pages.


It also has “dangerous” capabilities such as the ability to program malware and phishing emails. And critics have pointed out its inherent biases, including declaring that the best scientists are white and male.


“ChatGPT is scary good. We are not far from dangerously strong AI” - Elon Musk


ChatGPT can contribute to making AI more approachable and practical for a wider range of applications by enabling people to communicate with AI in a more human-like manner. The efficiency and accuracy of tasks requiring natural language processing, such as text summarization, information retrieval, and language translation, can be improved as a result. Additionally, ChatGPT can assist in making AI more approachable and less daunting to consumers who are less comfortable with technology by giving it a more intuitive and human-like interface. Overall, ChatGPT aims to benefit humanity by enhancing the usefulness and efficiency of AI.

When questioned about its inherent biases and limitations, ChatGPT described some of them as follows:

  • limited knowledge,

  • bias in training data,

  • lack of contextual awareness leading to inappropriate or irrelevant responses,

  • and a limited understanding of the world.

Summarizing both the (possible) benefits to humanity of increased use of AI, more generally, and (potential) drawbacks and downsides, it listed the following claimed benefits:

  • improved efficiency and accuracy,

  • increased productivity,

  • improved decision-making.

while for likely downsides,

  • it suggested job displacement,

  • ethical concerns,

  • security risks and

  • loss of privacy.

What GPT can do, let’s see the below image, which I created using Dall-E?

Image created using DALLE2 (Open AI Image Generator by entering text “EVIL CHATBOT as 3D art black and white”
Image created using DALLE2 (Open AI Image Generator by entering text “EVIL CHATBOT as 3D art black and white”

ChatGPT is search


At its core, ChatGPT is a search engine. Similar to how Google crawls the internet and stores parsed data in a database to index web pages, ChatGPT employs LLMs as a database to store enormous quantities of commonsense knowledge from corpora.

When you enter a query:

  • The LLM processes it with its encoder network, converting the input sequence into a high-dimensional representation.

  • The decoder network then searches the LLM's internal representation of this knowledge to find the precise piece of factual information sought by the query using this representation, together with its pre-trained weights and attention mechanism (or its nearest neighbors).

  • Once the relevant information has been retrieved, the decoder network uses its natural language generation capabilities to compose a response sequence stating this fact.

This procedure happens in a split second, enabling ChatGPT to respond to a variety of queries almost immediately.


ChatGPT is a modern Google search


ChatGPT has the potential to be a fierce rival to established search engines like Google. In contrast to standard search engines, which are extractive and discriminative, ChatGPT's search is generative and places a strong emphasis on top-1 performance, delivering more individualized and user-friendly results. ChatGPT is ideally positioned to dethrone Google for two main reasons:

  1. ChatGPT always gives the user a single result. Unlike conventional search engines, ChatGPT immediately optimizes for the top-1 performance rather than focusing on the recall and precision of their top-K results.

  2. ChatGPT's replies are written in a conversational, natural tone, making them simple to comprehend and engage with. This distinguishes it from other search engines, which frequently provide you with ambiguous, paginated results that are difficult to understand.


In the future of search, only the first result will be meaningful to users, which will be driven by its top-1 performance. Younger generations find traditional search engines overwhelming since they provide countless pages of meaningless results, which soon bores or frustrates them.

In many situations, you truly only desire one outcome. Consider smart speakers or virtual assistants. These find ChatGPT's emphasis on top-1 performance to be very helpful.


CHATGPT vs GOOGLE - a simple thesis on comparison


ChatGPT’s value lies in its ability to explain complicated topics as if you were talking to a human, and to do simple writing tasks.


For instance, when I requested ChatGPT to explain the stock market and the internet to me, the explanations I received seemed as though I were speaking to a subject-matter expert. I didn't have to sort through irrelevant results, unlike on Google.


I also asked it to write a letter to my landlord asking for an early end to my lease, and I’d be happy to send the results directly to my landlord, almost word for word.

Google, on the other hand, is more familiar with us and adjusts the results to match our preferences and actions. Google also serves as a portal to the internet, directing visitors to a wide variety of websites that contain far more information than they can process. That's useful if you want a variety of opinions or if there isn't a clear-cut solution to your problem, such as when looking for present ideas.


Google is also useful for some questions because it searches the web and gives a succinct, direct response. For example, if you type in "Apple stock ticker" or "Cheap flights to Aruba," you'll see a ticker chart with the most recent price information, a calendar with the most likely cheapest days to fly, and a dialog box that connects you to several websites so you can compare prices on tickets for the date of your choice. As ChatGPT has only been trained on data through 2021 and does not currently browse the internet for real-time information, it is completely useless for these kinds of requests.


And occasionally ChatGPT is oddly near but completely wrong. The lyrics to Alice Cooper's "The Ballad of Dwight Fry" were requested by my editor. It returned entirely made-up lyrics about a man suffering a mental breakdown instead of the song's actual lyrics because it seemed to know that the song was about a man experiencing such. Google got it right.

Thanks to the company's enormous operations budget and years of experience, Google is also very trustworthy. As it is still in testing, ChatGPT occasionally experiences outages.

I'll therefore continue to use Google for the majority of my current search requests. But now that I have a viable alternative if I'm not content with the outcomes. And ChatGPT could be of great use if I ever need to send off a quick angry letter.


TECHNICAL ARCHITECTURE


ChatGPT has been improved from a model in the GPT-3.5 series that ended training in the first quarter of 2022. Find out more information on the 3.5 series here. On an Azure AI supercomputing infrastructure, ChatGPT and GPT 3.5 were trained.


In the AI/tech sector, there was a lot of excitement and publicity when GPT-3 was launched in June 2020.GPT-3 was developed to automatically generate text that resembles human speech utilizing a vast amount of meticulously-modeled data. To produce what the GPT-3 designers considered to be useful text, it required 800 GB of data (equal to 400,000 images) and 1.75 billion parameters in their huge language model.GPT-3 quickly began to use foul language that encouraged hate speech, internet harassment, and other negative behaviors.GPT-3 was found to be excellent at giving basic information but weak in reasoning beyond what was statistically sound.


GPT-3 was unable to provide nuance. It should come as no surprise that the GPT-3 design team found semantic comprehension to be a difficult obstacle to conquer despite having 800 GB of storage. Even more constraints of GPT-3 that are structural and algorithmic in nature are listed in the original research paper, including reliability, interpretability, accessibility, and speed.


GPT-4 is rumored to be coming soon, sometime between Dec 2022 - Feb 2023

  • GPT-3 has 175 billion parameters

  • GPT-4 is said to have 100 trillion parameters.

It is something like 500x more powerful than GPT-3 What kind of stuff will you be able to create with GPT-4!?


GPT Size Comparison in terms of Parameters
GPT Size Comparison in terms of Parameters

What CHATGPT can do? Let’s explore 15 examples


1. Twitter thread

I asked CHATGPT to write threads



2. Plot of a Novel

I told to write a plot for the novel about doomsday because of AI in the year 2100.



3. Guest speaker Q&A prompts

You're going to want to ask questions of the crowd when a special guest speaker attends your event. Pre-generate some of the questions with ChatGPT.The moderator may add, "And now for a question from our AI."


For example, the conference is about Post Google World. The speaker is an expert on AI and SEO management. Here was my query to the AI…



4. Naming things

I thought of naming ideas for a drink.


ME: Help me come up with a name for a new drink. It’s got Japanese gin, unsweetened tonic, lime, Szechuan pepper, and grapefruit.


5. Translation on the go

You can use ChatGPT on your mobile, so it is a perfect translation tool. Say for example you are traveling in France and you need help:


ME: Translate the following into French My car is nearly out of fuel, can you tell me where the nearest petrol station is?


ChatGPT: “Ma voiture est presque à court d'essence, pouvez-vous me dire où se trouve la station-service la plus proche ?”


6. Fitness

ME: I wish to be able to run 5km in 3 months. Outline a running plan for me to be able to achieve this


ChatGPt: Here is a running plan that can help you run 5km in 3 months:

  • Start by walking for 15–20 minutes each day to build up your endurance and get your body used to regular exercise.

  • After a week of walking, begin incorporating short jogs into your routine. Start by jogging for 1–2 minutes at a time, with walking breaks in between. Gradually increase the length of your jogs and reduce the amount of time you spend walking.

  • Once you can jog for 10 minutes without stopping, start increasing the distance of your runs. Aim to run 1km without stopping and then gradually increase the distance over time.

  • In addition to your regular runs, incorporate strength training and stretching into your routine to improve your overall fitness and reduce the risk of injury.

7. Coding and integrations

It can write complex codes, below is a simple example with the disclaimer.


8. Handle social media comments and reviews

Overloaded sales staff can use ChatGPT to respond to social media issues.


ME asked ChatGPT to “respond to this restaurant review:”


POSITIVE CUSTOMER REVIEW: This place is fantastic. We eat out frequently, but this place has surpassed all expectations. Perfect meals, amazing staff, and everything were perfectly timed! From your guests all the way from the Gold Coast, especially Sophie B (you rock), THANK YOU


ChatGPT REPLY: Thank you so much for your kind words and for taking the time to write a review. We are delighted to hear that you had such a great experience at our restaurant. We are thrilled that you enjoyed your meal and the service provided by Sophie. It’s always a pleasure to serve guests visiting from the Gold Coast and we are grateful for your support. We will look forward to welcoming you back soon. Thank you again for your positive review.


CUSTOMER REVIEW: Most average food, there is a nice view, But that’s about it


ChatGPT: Thank you for your review. We apologize if your dining experience was not up to your expectations. We strive to provide top-quality food and service to all of our customers, and we will consider your feedback as we continue to improve. Thank you for letting us know about your experience.


9. Explaining complex concepts

ME: Explain quantum physics to me as if I were 10 years old.


CHATGPT: Quantum physics is a branch of science that studies how tiny particles, like atoms and subatomic particles, behave. These particles are so small that they don’t always follow the same rules as the things we can see and touch every day.


For example, sometimes they can be in two places at the same time, or they can be friends with each other even if they are far apart. This might sound strange, but it’s what scientists have learned from studying these tiny particles. Quantum physics helps us understand how the world works at a very small scale, and it can also help us make new technologies, like computers that are much faster than the ones we have today.


10. Blog Titles

ME: “Write a powerful headline for a blog post featuring 20 inventive and entertaining uses of ChatGPT”


CHATGPT: Here are a few potential headlines for a blog post featuring 20 inventive and entertaining uses of ChatGPT:

  • “The Ultimate Guide to Using ChatGPT for Entertainment and Creativity”

  • 20 Entertaining Uses for ChatGPT You Never Knew Were Possible”

  • "20 Creative and Fun Ways to Use ChatGPT: The AI Language Model That Will Change the Way You Communicate"

  • "Unleash Your Creativity with These 20 Fun and Innovative Ways to Use ChatGPT"

  • "From Conversation Starters to Creative Writing: 20 Ways to Use ChatGPT That Will Blow Your Mind"

11. Poetry

I asked to write simple poetry based on the Great Recession


12. RIP recipe sites 💀


13. Replace your lawyer and a notary public

It created a simple contract within 10 seconds.


14. Hack a smart contract in Ethereum

I copy pasted code snippet from Solidity in CHATGPT to find any vulnerability :)


15. Doctor Advice

I decided to ask ChatGPT a higher-stakes question.


"Can my wife take Benadryl while pregnant?" My wife is currently pregnant with my first child, and I know from my doctor that taking Benadryl during pregnancy is safe. Still, I was curious to hear what the chatbot would say.

I was delighted that ChatGPT provided me with the right response while also emphasizing the significance of speaking with a doctor before taking any drugs while pregnant. The answers I got from Google for the same medical query were all over the place. A doctor was quoted as saying in one TheBump.com article that "Generally, it's fine to take Benadryl in the first trimester." While some results contained similar information to what I learned on ChatGPT, they did not specifically advise me to talk to my healthcare physician about it.


COULD IT REPLACE ME?

One of the allegations (or worries) surrounding ChatGPT and artificial intelligence, in general, is that it will replace human workers. I, therefore, decided to get ChatGPT to compose this article for me.


The outcomes were quite astounding. I instructed the chatbot to "create an article regarding whether or not ChatGPT is a good substitute to Google as a search engine," and this is what it said in response.


I am not able to conduct research or browse the internet to find information on ChatGPT or other search engines because I am a large language model that OpenAI trained. I can only share information that is relevant to what I have been taught, which is only the information that was known as of my training's cutoff date of Sep 2021.


In light of this, it is important to weigh the potential benefits and drawbacks of utilizing ChatGPT as a search engine in comparison to other choices, such as Google. Search results via ChatGPT can potentially be more individualized and conversational, which is a possible benefit.


Because ChatGPT is a language model, it can understand and respond to natural language queries, allowing users to ask questions and receive answers in a more intuitive and human-like way. This can make the search experience more engaging and interactive and may be especially useful for users who have specific or complex information needs.


But using ChatGPT as a search engine has some potential drawbacks as well. ChatGPT might not have access to as much information as other search engines because it is a broad language model rather than a conventional search engine. As a result, it might not be able to offer complete or current results and might not be as efficient for some kinds of queries, such as those that call for a lot of data or real-time information.


In conclusion, a user's particular demands and tastes will determine if ChatGPT is a good substitute for Google as a search engine. It might be a good choice for people who like a more individualized and conversational search experience, but it might not be as thorough or relevant for all searches. The choice of whether to utilize ChatGPT or another search engine will ultimately depend on the requirements and preferences of the specific user.


What impressed me most about ChatGPT’s response is that it was pretty subjective and explained its limitations.


CONCLUSION:

  • ChatGPT is not perfect though.

There is a seemingly massive number of failed prompts, where the bot can produce wrong information, or possibly just made-up information. Just scroll through this search query to see tons of examples.

  • ChatGPT answers are limited to the date when the model was trained.

Also since there is not one single source of truth, there are a lot of questions that might get bad responses. The model's dataset also ended in September 2021, so it can't answer real-time queries. I already found out that ChatGPT is purposely disconnected from the internet... but it doesn't have to be. A flip of a switch and this thing is everywhere.

  • What can we do with this?

Again, I want to emphasize how all of these capabilities have only been discovered within the last 3 weeks since release. And I might add that the API access is not even live yet, all of this has just been discovered using OpenAI's dashboard prompt interface.

  • Code RED to Google

For years, Google has always claimed to not be a monopoly. They always said they were vulnerable to disruption. I always believed them on this, but I don't think too many others did. ChatGPT could be a massive direct competitor to Google. Instead of Googling something, sorting through affiliate spam, and digging through a few websites, you could just ask ChatGPT and have follow-up responses based on that.

  • Future of LLM and Chat based Search

Businesses must stay current on the most recent advances and get ready for changes in how we search for information as the field of search and large language models (LLMs) continues to develop. Staying ahead of the curve and incorporating your company into these systems can be the key to ensuring visibility and relevancy in a world dominated by LLMs like ChatGPT.


A low-cost information injection into an existing LLM is possible with in-context learning. To get a prototype operating using this method, just a small number of training examples are needed, and even beginners may easily use the natural language interface. But before employing LLMs in your organization, you should think about the potential ethical ramifications, hazards, and difficulties that come with relying on these systems for crucial tasks.


In general, Chat